Midway through the year, financial experts are still trying to understand how the U.S. banking crisis that unfolded quickly in the first few months of 2023 will play out in capital markets. Until the uncertainty clears, commercial real estate sponsors and borrowers must be patient as the pieces are reassembled in the capital markets and in the larger marketplace.
The result of the Fed changing its rate hike trajectory and investors adopting more conservative and safe strategies have caused expectations to be reset and bond yields to decline. Early in 2023, a commonly held view was that the Fed would continue hiking rates until something broke. Clearly, something did break in the banking sector. The financial crisis that unfolded in the spring of 2023 stemmed from the liquidation of Silvergate Bank, as well as subsequent collapse of Silicon Valley Bank (SVB), Signature Bank and First Republic Bank, which sent shockwaves through the ranks of the country’s local and regional banks.
While various factors played into the failures of these banks, one factor that they all had in common was increased pressure from the Fed’s interest rate hikes that began in 2022. The spate of interest rate hikes appears to be nearing a pause and the Fed has expanded its balance sheet to provide additional support to banks. But the crisis makes a soft economic landing even more unlikely, and many experts believe a recession is unavoidable.
Banks are seeking to boost liquidity by asking for greater depositor relationships. Because the largest banks saw a major inflow of deposits following the regional bank failures, many lenders are willing to give better rates to borrowers who provide meaningful deposits. There are also numerous lenders shifting resources from originations to asset management. Banks are also sharply reducing lending levels and are expected to be even more cautious about future loans.
by Adam S. Finkel | Principal and Co-founder of Tower Capital
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